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The Pen And The Sword: Press, War, And Terror In The 21st Century
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The State of the News Media - Dimensions
Insanity and inefficiency have brought their result. Knox was unrepentant. Not long after his banishment, three fellow reporters were blown out of the water while attempting to run the Vicksburg batteries. Knox always believed he would have been aboard the ill-fated boat as well. Not all generals had such an adversarial relationship with the press. Grant owed his career to two friendly journalists. Cadwallader was the only journalist to accompany Grant on a two-day inspection tour of Union positions around Vicksburg. Dana, who like Cadwallader first made his acquaintance at Vicksburg. Six months later, performing a similar duty in Tennessee, Dana gave a less receptive Maj.
Lee and win the war. Smalley spent much of the battle—the bloodiest single day in American history—acting as an unofficial messenger for Maj. Joseph Hooker, who commanded one of the Union corps at Antietam. Riding from one end of the battlefield to the other, Smalley had two horses shot from under him and Rebel shrapnel tore his coat.
Commandeering another horse, he set out for Frederick, where he dictated several pages of descriptive reporting to a sleepy telegraph operator before jumping on a train bound for Baltimore. Talking his way onto a military train, Smalley made it to New York City the next morning, writing all the way. One luckless newsman, however, year-old Mark Kellogg of the Bismarck Tribune , did manage to get himself killed alongside Colonel George Armstrong Custer and the rest of the 7th Cavalry at the Battle of the Little Bighorn in June Kellogg, a part-time journalist and law clerk, was a last-minute replacement for Tribune editor Clement A.
Lounsberry, who was scheduled to accompany Custer on the expedition, but had to cancel when his wife became ill. I go with Custer and will be at the death. He had been scalped, and one ear had been lopped off. He was identified by his curiously patched boots. In Europe, a new generation of correspondents followed in the footsteps of William Howard Russell. One of the most prominent was Archibald Forbes, a German-speaking Scotsman who recently had resigned his commission after serving five years in the British Royal Dragoons.
Bismarck, with an elaborate assumption of coolness which his restlessness belied, made pretence to be reading letters. The roll of the close battle swelled and deepened till the very ground trembled beneath us. The hoofs of a galloping horse rattled on the causeway. Bismarck, with a great sigh of relief, crushed his letter in the hollow of his hand. He further traded on his unexcelled access by persuading German commanders to give him advance details of their plans to bombard Paris.
Armed with the plans, Forbes telegraphed a before-the-fact account of the bombardment to the Daily News , which preset the report in type. A second resourceful Daily News reporter in Paris that fall was an Englishman with a decidedly French-sounding name. Unlike Forbes, Henry Labouchere was trapped inside the besieged city, where he entertained readers with a lively account of his gastronomical vicissitudes.
MacGahan first attracted attention with his daring coverage of a Russian expedition against the Muslim city of Khiva in the spring of Then there are shouts and cries, a scattering discharge of firearms, and our lines are broken by the abandoned carts, and our progress impeded by the cattle and sheep that are running wildly about over the plain. It is a scene of the wildest confusion. I halt a moment to look around me. Here is a Turcoman lying in the sand, with a bullet through his head; a little farther a Cossack stretched out on the ground, with a horrible saber cut on the face; then two women, with three or four children, sitting down in the sand, crying and sobbing piteously, and begging for their lives.
He traveled to the Balkans, where he found Turkish irregulars, called Bashi-Bazouks, engaged in a systematic reign of terror against the rebellious Bulgarians. Scores of villages had been burned to the ground, and thousands of residents, including some Germans, Greeks, and Armenians, had been slaughtered. In the town of Panagurishte, MacGahan witnessed bearded Turks plucking infants out of their cradles with bayonets and tossing them into the air before spitting them again on their blades.
Women and young girls were raped and murdered in the streets.
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